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NURS 8200/NURS 8200F/NURS 8200M/NURS 8200C/NURS 8200A: Research Methods for Evidence-Based Practice | Week 1
What is evidence-based practice? How does it relate to research? What is the significance of evidence-based practice and research in nursing and health care in general? These are questions you may have asked yourself as you prepared for this course.
Evidence-based practice is a term used to describe the integration of individual clinician experience and knowledge with external information from reputable studies and data sets. Research is an integral component of evidence-based practice; it can support or offer other options for the opinions of clinicians (including doctors, nurses, specialists, and other health care professionals) regarding patient care, and it allows clinicians to make informed decisions.
In order to utilize evidence for practice, health care professionals need to be familiar with key research concepts and statistical principles necessary to evaluate data. The first week of this course introduces you to the fundamental concepts of research as they relate to nursing and evidence-based practice. You explore the two major methods of research, quantitative and qualitative, and consider the characteristics of each method. You also consider how each method can be applied to evidence-based nursing practice.
- Analyze the application of quantitative and qualitative research in evidence-based practice
- Compare the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative research
Discussion: Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Clinical Settings
Some people consider the difference between the terms “quantitative” and “qualitative” to be similar to the difference between facts and feelings. These individuals might argue that quantitative approaches are better or more appropriate than qualitative approaches, particularly in health care. They might support this argument by saying that quantitative approaches are based on numbers and concrete evidence rather than on subjective observations and opinions.
Based on the information presented in this week’s Learning Resources and Media, do you think this an accurate way of distinguishing quantitative and qualitative methods of research? Is one method inherently superior to the other? How would you describe the difference between quantitative and qualitative research to someone who was completely unfamiliar with these concepts?
This Discussion explores the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative research methods as well as the application of each in the practice setting. You examine the suitability of each method to evidence-based practice. You are encouraged to make connections between general characteristics and abstract research concepts to realistic scenarios and actual experiences in your responses to this week’s Discussion prompts.
Note: This Discussion takes place in small groups, which should have been assigned by your Instructor.
- Review Dr. Shi’s comparison of the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative research presented in this week’s media presentation and in the “Overview of Qualitative Research Methods” tutorial.
- Reflect on the Learning Resources focusing on the use of quantitative and qualitative research in health care.
- With the two articles you reviewed in mind (one quantitative and one qualitative), think about how those types of research projects influence, or support, evidence-based nursing practice. Ask yourself: Which methodology is most appropriate for supporting evidence-based practice? What characteristics of that methodology support my conclusion?
By Day 3
Post a cohesive response in your small group that addresses the following:
- Analyze how quantitative and qualitative research projects can be applied to evidence-based nursing practice.
- What characteristics of quantitative or qualitative research make it the most appropriate for addressing evidence-based practice problems? Support your position.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings in your small group.
By Day 6
Respond to two of your colleagues in your small group in one or more of the following ways:
- Ask a probing question, substantiated with additional background information, evidence, or research.
- Share an insight from having read your colleagues’ postings, synthesizing the information to provide new perspectives.
- Offer and support an alternative perspective using readings from the classroom or from your own research in the Walden Library.
- Validate an idea with your own experience and additional research.
- Make a suggestion based on additional evidence drawn from readings or after synthesizing multiple postings.
- Expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives based on reading.s and evidence.
Note: Please see the Course Syllabus and Discussion Posting and Response Rubric for formal Discussion question posting and response evaluation criteria.
Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you learned and/or any insights you gained as a result of the comments made by your colleagues.
Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and any additional sources.
Post your responses to the Small Group Discussion based on the course requirements.
NURS 8200 Introduction to Research Methods
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